Seattle Arts & Lectures Series: Author Elaine Pagels Discusses Gnostic Gospels/Women's Roles
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The last date listed for Seattle Arts & Lectures Series: Author Elaine Pagels was Friday April 30, 2010 / 7:30pm.
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“[Pagel’s_ Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas_] belongs to that admirable kind of scholarship in which the labor of acquiring Greek and Coptic, Hebrew and Aramaic, the exhausting study of ancient fragments of text against the background of an intimate knowledge of religious history, can be represented as a spiritual as well as an intellectual exercise.” —Frank Kermode, literary critic
“As soon as enough people are educated, I was told, no one will need religion anymore; they’ll understand that science now gives us adequate understanding of the universe. That left me wondering, however, what function religion fulfills, and why it appeals to so many people,” Elaine Pagels said in an interview. As an historian of religion specializing in late classical antiquity, she has spent the past 40 years studying the formation of Christianity and why some writings and ideas formed the canon of the new faith while others were condemned as heretical and destroyed.
While Pagels was doing doctoral work at Harvard, she was part of a team studying texts found near Nag Hammadi, Egypt, in 1945: texts that have served as the basis of her research and writing ever since. She wrote two books on the texts in the early 1970s, but it was The Gnostic Gospels, published in 1979, which was a bestseller, won major awards, and introduced the public to the 52 ancient papyrus manuscripts. Considered as important as the Dead Sea Scrolls, these Gnostic writings lost out to the four main gospels that would form The New Testament. The texts include secret gospels, poems, myths, and instructions for mystical practice, some of which, according to Pagels, “…represent early forms of Christian teaching…we may have to recognize that early Christianity is far more diverse than nearly anyone expected before the Nag Hammadi discoveries.
In 1982, Pagels took a professorship at Princeton University. That same year, her infant son was diagnosed with a fatal lung disease. Within six years she would lose her son and her husband, the physicist Heinz Pagels. Her work that followed took some autobiographical turns and has continued to explore more personal and contemporary aspects of faith. “I think it’s very important,” she says, “to look at religion perhaps as a function of the human brain, as a manifestation of part of the way we think, and certainly as a very important part of human culture.”
In Adam, Eve and the Serpent (1988), Pagels studied creation stories from an anthropological perspective; in The Origin of Satan (1995) she looked at the idea of the Devil, or the evil “other,” shedding historical light on our eagerness to demonize our opponents with nods to modern-day political and social ramifications; Beyond Belief: The Secret Gospel of Thomas (2003), contrasts Thomas’s gospel with John’s; while Reading Judas: The Gospel of Judas and the Shaping of Christianity (2007), written with Karen King, delves into an alternate view of Judas and the meaning of Christ’s death as represented in a papyrus made public in 2006.
A recipient of numerous awards, including the National Book Award, the Book Critics Circle Award, and Rockefeller, Guggenheim, and MacArthur Fellowships, Pagels is the Harrington Spear Paine Professor of Religion at Princeton University and is married to Kent Greenawalt, a professor at Columbia Law School.